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CoGripedia your encyclopedia of terms used in the industrial flooring industry.

Engineering Strain


Strain is a measure of the magnitude of a deformation caused by a stress. Engineering strain is a slightly simplified measure of true strain, used by engineers in their calculations.

Technical Information

The principal difference between engineering and true strain is:
  • True strain is calculated at each point throughout the experiment and considers the change in cross-section of the deformed body, in turn giving a more accurate result.
  • Engineering strain assumes a constant cross-section, giving slightly more inaccurate results but still acceptable for engineering applications.

Engineering strain is calculated as the change in length divided by the original length:

  • ε = ΔL/L0       where:
  • ε = engineering strain
  • ΔL = change in length
  • L0 = original length

Strain can also be given as the percentage increase in length compared to the material in its unstressed state.

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