Vertical carousels, horizontal carousels, and Vertical Lift Modules (VLMs). Shelf based ASRS such as carousels and VMLs are used to deliver slow to medium velocity items to the operator to be picked.
Stacker Cranes. These are used to control the automated entry and exit of products. Stacker cranes can be installed in narrow aisles which utilise high density racking systems.
Pallet shuttles. Driven by an electric motor, they run on rails in storage channels, and recharge once they have returned to their cradle
Miniload systems. These systems store and retrieve boxes, totes, and trays. Most use a single stacker, high racking, and a conveyor belt.
Cube based storage. A grid structure is used with self-supporting crates that are moved to pick stations by independently operating robots. All robots can move on a perpendicular axis and can therefore, reach any position and any grid independently.
Automated Guided Vehicles – driverless, mobile vehicles guided by wires, magnetic strips, or sensors and restricted to following fixed routes. They can detect other robots, humans, or objects in front of them but must wait until the obstacle has cleared before they can continue.
Autonomous Mobile Robots – use on-board sensors and processors to autonomously move materials within a warehouse, without the need for wires, markers, or strips. AMRs can learn their environment and plan the route considering it, other AMRs, blocked pathways, and humans.
Collaborative robots. As the name suggests, these robots were designed to work in collaboration with humans. Robots can be physically manipulated by humans to perform certain tasks. Using AI the Cabots can then repeat the steps independently of the humans. Cobots increase and intensify human capabilities with super strength, precision, and data capabilities.
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